Brain injury expands the numbers of neural stem cells and progenitors in the SVZ by enhancing their responsiveness to EGF

Dhivyaa Alagappan, Deborah A. Lazzarino, Ryan J. Felling, Murugabaskar Balan, Sergei V. Kotenko, Steven W. Levison

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

There is an increase in the numbers of neural precursors in the SVZ (subventricular zone) after moderate ischaemic injuries, but the extent of stem cell expansion and the resultant cell regeneration is modest. Therefore our studies have focused on understanding the signals that regulate these processes towards achieving a more robust amplification of the stem/progenitor cell pool. The goal of the present study was to evaluate the role of the EGFR [EGF (epidermal growth factor) receptor] in the regenerative response of the neonatal SVZ to hypoxic/ischaemic injury. We show that injury recruits quiescent cells in the SVZ to proliferate, that they divide more rapidly and that there is increased EGFR expression on both putative stem cells and progenitors. With the amplification of the precursors in the SVZ after injury there is enhanced sensitivity to EGF, but not to FGF (fibroblast growth factor)-2. EGF-dependent SVZ precursor expansion, as measured using the neurosphere assay, is lost when the EGFR is pharmacologically inhibited, and forced expression of a constitutively active EGFR is sufficient to recapitulate the exaggerated proliferation of the neural stem/progenitors that is induced by hypoxic/ischaemic brain injury. Cumulatively, our results reveal that increased EGFR signalling precedes that increase in the abundance of the putative neural stem cells and our studies implicate the EGFR as a key regulator of the expansion of SVZ precursors in response to brain injury. Thus modulating EGFR signalling represents a potential target for therapies to enhance brain repair from endogenous neural precursors following hypoxic/ischaemic and other brain injuries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere00009
Pages (from-to)95-111
Number of pages17
JournalASN Neuro
Volume1
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009

Keywords

  • Brain injury
  • Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)
  • Neural stem cell
  • Neurosphere
  • Subventricular zone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology

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