Borderline personality disorder from the perspective of general personality functioning

Timothy J. Trull, Thomas A. Widiger, Donald R. Lynam, Paul T. Costa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The authors extended previous work on the hypothesis that borderline personality disorder (BPD) can be understood as a maladaptive variant of personality traits included within the 5-factor model (FFM) of personality. In each of 3 samples, an empirically derived prototypic FFM borderline profile was correlated with individuals' FFM profiles to yield a similarity score, an FFM borderline index. Results across all samples indicated that the FFM borderline index correlated as highly with existing borderline measures as they correlated with one another, and the FFM borderline index correlated as highly with measures of dysfunction, history of childhood abuse, and parental psychopathology as did traditional measures of BPD. Findings support the hypothesis that BPD is a maladaptive variant of FFM personality traits.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)193-202
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Abnormal Psychology
Volume112
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2003
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

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