Bone-targeted delivery of TGF- type 1 receptor inhibitor rescues uncoupled bone remodeling in Camurati–Engelmann disease

Yunhao Qin, Shibing Tang, Gehua Zhen, Qiang Ding, Sheng Ding, Xu Cao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Camurati–Engelmann disease (CED) is a genetic bone-modeling disorder mainly caused by mutations in the gene that encodes transforming growth factor-1 (TGF-1). Symptoms of CED include bone pain, fractures, and dysplasia. Currently, effective therapies for bone fracture and dysplasia in CED are urgently needed. We have demonstrated that TGF-1 is a coupling factor for bone remodeling and is aberrantly activated in CED. Daily injection of TGF- type 1 receptor inhibitor (TR1I) attenuated CED symptoms, but this systemic administration caused serious side effects. In this study, we created a conjugate linking TR1I and alendronate, which delivered TR1I specifically to bone. After weekly injection of the conjugate for 8 weeks, normal bone morphology and remodeling in CED mice was maintained with a minimum effective dose 700 times lower than TR1I injection. Additionally, we found that the conjugate restored normal bone turnover by reducing the number of osteoblasts and osteoclasts, maintained a regular osteogenic microenvironment by regulating the formation of CD31 and Endomucin double-positive vessels, and preserved ordinary bone formation via inhibition of the migration of leptin-receptor-positive cells. Thus, targeting delivery of TR1I to bone is a promising therapy for CED and other uncoupled bone remodeling disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)29-40
Number of pages12
JournalAnnals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2018


  • Camurati–Engelmann disease
  • TGF-1 signaling
  • bone remodeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • History and Philosophy of Science


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