Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) and growth differentiation factors (GDFs) are potential therapeutic molecules for the treatment of Parkinson's disease (PO). Here we compare the effects of BMP3, 5, 6, and 7 and GDF5 and 6 in a rat mesencephalic cell culture system that reflects the developmental stage of neurons around birth. High concentrations of BMP5, 6, and 7 and GDF5 and 6 induced astroglial cell fate and a depletion of oligodendrocytes. Only BMP5, 6, and 7, however, significantly increased the number of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH)-positive neurons and induced nuclear translocation of the phosphorylated BMP-restricted Smad in a substantial number of TH- and microtubule-associated protein 2(MAP2ab)-positive cells. None of the proteins protected TH-positive cells against 6-hydroxydopamine-induced oxidative stress. BMP3 was without any effect throughout the studies. We conclude that BMP5, 6, and 7 act directly and independently on precursors of the dopaminergic and astroglial lineage and induce their differentiation. In contrast, GDF5 and 6 primarily affect nonneuronal cells in mesencephalic cultures of this stage.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
- Cell Biology