Bone morphogenetic protein 2 decreases TRPC expression, store-operated Ca2+ entry, and basal [Ca2+]i in rat distal pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells

Yi Zhang, Wenju Lu, Kai Yang, Lei Xu, Ning Lai, Lichun Tian, Qian Jiang, Xin Duan, Minsheng Chen, Jian Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Recent studies indicate that multiple bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) family ligands and receptors are involved in the development of pulmonary arterial hypertension, yet the underlying mechanisms are incompletely understood. Although BMP2 and BMP4 share high homology in amino acid sequence, they appear to exert divergent effects on chronic hypoxic pulmonary hypertension (CHPH). While BMP4 promotes vascular remodeling, BMP2 prevents CHPH. We previously demonstrated that BMP4 upregulates the expression of canonical transient receptor potential channel (TRPC) proteins and, thereby, enhances store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) and elevates intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) in pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (PASMCs). In this study, we investigated the effects of BMP2 on these variables in rat distal PASMCs. We found that treatment with BMP2 (50 ng/ml, 60 h) inhibited TRPC1, TRPC4, and TRPC6 mRNA and protein expression. Moreover, BMP2 treatment led to reduced SOCE and decreased basal [Ca2+]i in PASMCs. These alterations were associated with decreased PASMC proliferation and migration. Conversely, knockdown of BMP2 with specific small interference RNA resulted in increased cellular levels of TRPC1, TRPC4, and TRPC6 mRNA and protein, enhanced SOCE, elevated basal [Ca2+]i, and increased proliferation and migration of PASMCs. Together, these results indicate that BMP2 participates in regulating Ca2+ signaling in PASMCs by inhibiting TRPC1, TRPC4, and TRPC6 expression, thus leading to reduced SOCE and basal [Ca2+]i and inhibition of cell proliferation and migration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)C833-C843
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology
Issue number9
StatePublished - May 1 2013



  • BMP2
  • Calcium signaling
  • Pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells
  • Transient receptor potential canonical

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cell Biology

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