Context: Molecular and cell biology studies have demonstrated an association between bone and arterial wall disease, but the significance of a population-level association is less clear and potentially confounded by inability to account for shared risk factors. Objective: To test population-level associations between atherosclerosis types and bone integrity. Main outcome measures: Volumetric trabecular lumbar bone mineral density (vBMD), ankle-brachial index (ABI), intima-media thickness (IMT) of the common carotid (CCA-IMT) and internal carotid (ICA-IMT) arteries, and carotid plaque echogenicity. Design, setting and participants: A random subset of participants from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) assessed between 2002 and 2005. Results: 904 post-menopausal female (62.4 years; 62% non-white; 12% ABI <1; 17% CCA-IMT >1 mm; 33% ICA-IMT >1 mm) and 929 male (61.4 years; 58% non-white; 6% ABI <1; 25% CCA-IMT >1 mm; 40% ICA-IMT >1 mm) were included. In serial, sex-specific regression models adjusting for age, ethnicity, body mass index, dyslipidemia, hypertension, smoking, alcohol consumption, diabetes, homocysteine, interleukin-6, sex hormones, and renal function, lower vBMD was associated with lower ABI in men (p for trend <0.01) and greater ICA-IMT in men (p for trend <0.02). CCA-IMT was not associated with vBMD in men or women. Carotid plaque echogenicity was independently associated with lower vBMD in both men (trend p = 0.01) and women (trend p < 0.04). In all models, adjustment did not materially affect results. Conclusions: Lower vBMD is independently associated with structural and functional measures of atherosclerosis in men and with more advanced and calcified carotid atherosclerotic plaques in both sexes.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - Mar 1 2010|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine