Bone mineral content in girls perinatally infected with HIV

K. O. O'Brien, M. Razavi, R. A. Henderson, B. Caballero, K. J. Ellis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Early diagnostic efforts and advances in multidrug therapy have considerably prolonged the survival time of children infected perinatally with HIV. Despite these advances, few studies have addressed calcium status and bone growth in HIV-infected children. Objective: Our objective was to examine the effect of HIV infection on calcium status and bone growth in children. Design: We measured calcitropic hormones, urinary calcium excretion, bone mineral content, and body composition in 19 young girls aged 9.2 ± 2.6 y (range: 5.9-15.2 y) who were infected perinatally with HIV. Results: Serum concentrations of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [1,25(OH)2D] and parathyroid hormone concentrations were elevated above normal ranges in 25% and 12% of these girls, respectively. Urinary calcium excretion normalized for creatinine excretion was also elevated (Ca/Cr >0.18) in 17% of these children despite suboptimal calcium intakes (679 ± 437 mg/d). Totalbody bone mineral content, measured with the use of dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, averaged 845.1 ± 279.0 g and was on average 2.7 z scores below age- and race-matched values reported in non-HIV-infected healthy girls. Significant positive correlations were found between an indirect marker of bone resorption in urine (N-telopeptide) and 1,25(OH)2D (P < 0.02, r2 = 0.586, n = 9), and between serum N-telopeptide and total alkaline phosphatase (P < 0.001, r2 = 0.541, n = 17), suggesting that calcium insufficiency may be increasing bone resorption in this group. Conclusions: Young girls with HIV infection had low bone mass and evidence of calcium insufficiency. Nutritional counseling of children with HIV infection should emphasize adequate calcium intakes because of the importance of this age period in bone mineral acquisition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)821-826
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume73
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

Keywords

  • 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D
  • Body composition
  • Bone density
  • Calcitropic hormones
  • Calcium
  • Girls
  • HIV infection
  • Nutrition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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