Body Mass Index in Adolescent Spinal Deformity

Comparison of Scheuermann's Kyphosis, Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis, and Normal Controls

Baron S. Lonner, Courtney S. Toombs, Qasim M. Husain, Paul David Sponseller, Harry Shufflebarger, Suken A. Shah, Amer F. Samdani, Randal R. Betz, Patrick J. Cahill, Burt Yaszay, Peter O. Newton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Study Design: Prospective, multicenter study of Scheuermann's kyphosis (SK) and adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) compared to a control group. Objectives: Compare body mass index (BMI) and Scoliosis Research Society Questionnaire-22 (SRS-22) scores among two diagnosis and one control group. Summary of Background Data: BMI has been reported as increased in SK patients; however, there are few recent data on this subject or comparing SK to AIS. Methods: Ninety-two SK patients (37 female, 55 male, average age 16 years), 1,051 AIS patients (814 female, 237 male, average age 15 years), and 380 adolescents without scoliosis (controls) were compared based on age, gender, race, height (m), weight (kg), BMI, and SRS-22 scores. An analysis of variance was used to test differences in BMI and SRS-22 scores between the groups and between males and females. Pearson correlations determined the relationship between AIS T5-T12 kyphosis and BMI, SK max kyphosis and BMI, and to determine the relationship between BMI and SRS-22 scores in each group. Results: More SK patients were "obese" and "overweight" (28% and 22%) compared to the AIS (6% and 9%) and Control groups (5.8% and 17.9%) (p

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)318-326
Number of pages9
JournalSpine Deformity
Volume3
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2015

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Scheuermann Disease
Scoliosis
Body Mass Index
Kyphosis
Research
Control Groups
Multicenter Studies
Analysis of Variance

Keywords

  • Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis
  • Body mass index
  • Health-related quality of life
  • Scheuermann's kyphosis
  • Spinal deformity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

Body Mass Index in Adolescent Spinal Deformity : Comparison of Scheuermann's Kyphosis, Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis, and Normal Controls. / Lonner, Baron S.; Toombs, Courtney S.; Husain, Qasim M.; Sponseller, Paul David; Shufflebarger, Harry; Shah, Suken A.; Samdani, Amer F.; Betz, Randal R.; Cahill, Patrick J.; Yaszay, Burt; Newton, Peter O.

In: Spine Deformity, Vol. 3, No. 4, 01.07.2015, p. 318-326.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lonner, BS, Toombs, CS, Husain, QM, Sponseller, PD, Shufflebarger, H, Shah, SA, Samdani, AF, Betz, RR, Cahill, PJ, Yaszay, B & Newton, PO 2015, 'Body Mass Index in Adolescent Spinal Deformity: Comparison of Scheuermann's Kyphosis, Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis, and Normal Controls', Spine Deformity, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 318-326. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jspd.2015.02.004
Lonner, Baron S. ; Toombs, Courtney S. ; Husain, Qasim M. ; Sponseller, Paul David ; Shufflebarger, Harry ; Shah, Suken A. ; Samdani, Amer F. ; Betz, Randal R. ; Cahill, Patrick J. ; Yaszay, Burt ; Newton, Peter O. / Body Mass Index in Adolescent Spinal Deformity : Comparison of Scheuermann's Kyphosis, Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis, and Normal Controls. In: Spine Deformity. 2015 ; Vol. 3, No. 4. pp. 318-326.
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