Body composition explains sex differential in physical performance among older adults

Lisa A. Tseng, Matthew J. Delmonico, Marjolein Visser, Robert M. Boudreau, Bret H. Goodpaster, Ann V. Schwartz, Eleanor Marie Simonsick, Suzanne Satterfield, Tamara Harris, Anne B. Newman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background. Older women have higher percent body fat, poorer physical function, lower strength, and higher rates of nonfatal chronic conditions than men. We sought to determine whether these differences explained physical performance differences between men and women. Methods. Physical performance was assessed in the Health, Aging and Body Composition study in 2,863 men and women aged 70-79 with a composite 0-4 point score consisting of chair stands, standing balance including one-leg stand, and 6-m usual and narrow walk tests. Total body composition was measured by dual x-ray absorptiometry, thigh composition by computed tomography, and knee extensor strength by isokinetic dynamometer. Analysis of covariance estimated least square mean performance scores for men and women. Results .Men had higher performance scores than women (least square means: 2.33±0.02 vs 2.03±0.02, p

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)93-100
Number of pages8
JournalJournals of Gerontology - Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
Volume69
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Body Composition
Least-Squares Analysis
Thigh
Adipose Tissue
Leg
Knee
Tomography
X-Rays
Health

Keywords

  • Body composition
  • Epidemiology
  • Physical performance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Tseng, L. A., Delmonico, M. J., Visser, M., Boudreau, R. M., Goodpaster, B. H., Schwartz, A. V., ... Newman, A. B. (2014). Body composition explains sex differential in physical performance among older adults. Journals of Gerontology - Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 69(1), 93-100. https://doi.org/10.1093/gerona/glt027

Body composition explains sex differential in physical performance among older adults. / Tseng, Lisa A.; Delmonico, Matthew J.; Visser, Marjolein; Boudreau, Robert M.; Goodpaster, Bret H.; Schwartz, Ann V.; Simonsick, Eleanor Marie; Satterfield, Suzanne; Harris, Tamara; Newman, Anne B.

In: Journals of Gerontology - Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, Vol. 69, No. 1, 01.2014, p. 93-100.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tseng, LA, Delmonico, MJ, Visser, M, Boudreau, RM, Goodpaster, BH, Schwartz, AV, Simonsick, EM, Satterfield, S, Harris, T & Newman, AB 2014, 'Body composition explains sex differential in physical performance among older adults', Journals of Gerontology - Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, vol. 69, no. 1, pp. 93-100. https://doi.org/10.1093/gerona/glt027
Tseng, Lisa A. ; Delmonico, Matthew J. ; Visser, Marjolein ; Boudreau, Robert M. ; Goodpaster, Bret H. ; Schwartz, Ann V. ; Simonsick, Eleanor Marie ; Satterfield, Suzanne ; Harris, Tamara ; Newman, Anne B. / Body composition explains sex differential in physical performance among older adults. In: Journals of Gerontology - Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences. 2014 ; Vol. 69, No. 1. pp. 93-100.
@article{f6f80943f3f244468be211dc7fcfdba7,
title = "Body composition explains sex differential in physical performance among older adults",
abstract = "Background. Older women have higher percent body fat, poorer physical function, lower strength, and higher rates of nonfatal chronic conditions than men. We sought to determine whether these differences explained physical performance differences between men and women. Methods. Physical performance was assessed in the Health, Aging and Body Composition study in 2,863 men and women aged 70-79 with a composite 0-4 point score consisting of chair stands, standing balance including one-leg stand, and 6-m usual and narrow walk tests. Total body composition was measured by dual x-ray absorptiometry, thigh composition by computed tomography, and knee extensor strength by isokinetic dynamometer. Analysis of covariance estimated least square mean performance scores for men and women. Results .Men had higher performance scores than women (least square means: 2.33±0.02 vs 2.03±0.02, p",
keywords = "Body composition, Epidemiology, Physical performance",
author = "Tseng, {Lisa A.} and Delmonico, {Matthew J.} and Marjolein Visser and Boudreau, {Robert M.} and Goodpaster, {Bret H.} and Schwartz, {Ann V.} and Simonsick, {Eleanor Marie} and Suzanne Satterfield and Tamara Harris and Newman, {Anne B.}",
year = "2014",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1093/gerona/glt027",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "69",
pages = "93--100",
journal = "Journals of Gerontology - Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences",
issn = "1079-5006",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Body composition explains sex differential in physical performance among older adults

AU - Tseng, Lisa A.

AU - Delmonico, Matthew J.

AU - Visser, Marjolein

AU - Boudreau, Robert M.

AU - Goodpaster, Bret H.

AU - Schwartz, Ann V.

AU - Simonsick, Eleanor Marie

AU - Satterfield, Suzanne

AU - Harris, Tamara

AU - Newman, Anne B.

PY - 2014/1

Y1 - 2014/1

N2 - Background. Older women have higher percent body fat, poorer physical function, lower strength, and higher rates of nonfatal chronic conditions than men. We sought to determine whether these differences explained physical performance differences between men and women. Methods. Physical performance was assessed in the Health, Aging and Body Composition study in 2,863 men and women aged 70-79 with a composite 0-4 point score consisting of chair stands, standing balance including one-leg stand, and 6-m usual and narrow walk tests. Total body composition was measured by dual x-ray absorptiometry, thigh composition by computed tomography, and knee extensor strength by isokinetic dynamometer. Analysis of covariance estimated least square mean performance scores for men and women. Results .Men had higher performance scores than women (least square means: 2.33±0.02 vs 2.03±0.02, p

AB - Background. Older women have higher percent body fat, poorer physical function, lower strength, and higher rates of nonfatal chronic conditions than men. We sought to determine whether these differences explained physical performance differences between men and women. Methods. Physical performance was assessed in the Health, Aging and Body Composition study in 2,863 men and women aged 70-79 with a composite 0-4 point score consisting of chair stands, standing balance including one-leg stand, and 6-m usual and narrow walk tests. Total body composition was measured by dual x-ray absorptiometry, thigh composition by computed tomography, and knee extensor strength by isokinetic dynamometer. Analysis of covariance estimated least square mean performance scores for men and women. Results .Men had higher performance scores than women (least square means: 2.33±0.02 vs 2.03±0.02, p

KW - Body composition

KW - Epidemiology

KW - Physical performance

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84890514541&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84890514541&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1093/gerona/glt027

DO - 10.1093/gerona/glt027

M3 - Article

C2 - 23682159

AN - SCOPUS:84890514541

VL - 69

SP - 93

EP - 100

JO - Journals of Gerontology - Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences

JF - Journals of Gerontology - Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences

SN - 1079-5006

IS - 1

ER -