Body composition and overweight prevalence in 1704 schoolchildren from 7 American Indian communities

Benjamin H Caballero, John H. Himes, Timothy Lohman, Sally M. Davis, June Stevens, Marguerite Evans, Scott Going, Juanita Pablo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Nationwide data on obesity prevalence in American Indian communities are limited. Objective: We describe the body composition and anthropometric characteristics of schoolchildren from 7 American Indian communities enrolled in the Pathways study, a randomized field trial evaluating a program for the primary prevention of obesity. Design: A total of 1704 children in 41 schools were enrolled in the study. Basic anthropometric measurements included weight, height, and triceps and subscapular skinfold thicknesses. Percentage body fat was estimated from bioelectrical impedance and anthropometric variables with the use of an equation developed and validated for this population. Results: The children's mean (± SD) age was 7.6 ± 0.6 y, and their mean weight and height were 32.1 ± 8.9 kg and 129.8 ± 6.3 cm, respectively. Mean body mass index (BMI; in kg/m 2) was 18.8 ± 3.9, and mean percentage body fat was 32.6 ± 6.8%. With the use of current Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reference values, 30.5% of girls and 26.8% of boys were above the 95th percentiles for BMI-for-age, and 21% of girls and 19.6% of boys were between the 85th and 95th percentiles. Although there was a wide range in BMI across study sites and for both sexes, the percentage of children with a BMI above the 95th percentile was consistently higher than the national averages in all communities studied and in both girls and boys. Conclusions: Overweight can be documented in a substantial number of American Indian children by the time they reach elementary school. Despite differences in the prevalence of overweight observed among communities, rates are uniformly high relative to national all-race averages.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)308-312
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume78
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 2003

Fingerprint

school children
North American Indians
American Indians
Body Composition
body composition
body fat
Adipose Tissue
obesity
Obesity
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Weights and Measures
Skinfold Thickness
elementary schools
bioelectrical impedance
skinfold thickness
Primary Prevention
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.)
anthropometric measurements
Electric Impedance
normal values

Keywords

  • American Indians
  • Body composition
  • Children
  • Obesity
  • Obesity prevention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Food Science

Cite this

Caballero, B. H., Himes, J. H., Lohman, T., Davis, S. M., Stevens, J., Evans, M., ... Pablo, J. (2003). Body composition and overweight prevalence in 1704 schoolchildren from 7 American Indian communities. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 78(2), 308-312.

Body composition and overweight prevalence in 1704 schoolchildren from 7 American Indian communities. / Caballero, Benjamin H; Himes, John H.; Lohman, Timothy; Davis, Sally M.; Stevens, June; Evans, Marguerite; Going, Scott; Pablo, Juanita.

In: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 78, No. 2, 08.2003, p. 308-312.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Caballero, BH, Himes, JH, Lohman, T, Davis, SM, Stevens, J, Evans, M, Going, S & Pablo, J 2003, 'Body composition and overweight prevalence in 1704 schoolchildren from 7 American Indian communities', American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 78, no. 2, pp. 308-312.
Caballero, Benjamin H ; Himes, John H. ; Lohman, Timothy ; Davis, Sally M. ; Stevens, June ; Evans, Marguerite ; Going, Scott ; Pablo, Juanita. / Body composition and overweight prevalence in 1704 schoolchildren from 7 American Indian communities. In: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2003 ; Vol. 78, No. 2. pp. 308-312.
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