Intermittent exposure of the human lung to ambient levels of ozone (O3) was assayed in systemic fluids by using serum α-tocopherol (ST) as a gauge of oxidative stress and the blastogenic activity of peripheral blood monocytes as an index of immune function. Healthy men (n = 10) were evaluated over 3 consecutive days (130 min/day) of chamber exposure to O3 and filtered air (FA); subjects alternated between rest and light treadmill exercise during exposures. For O3, the level was varied at 20-min intervals, i.e., 250, 350, 450, 450, 350, and 250 parts/billion, and concluded with 10 min at 250 parts/billion. ST was quantitated by high-performance liquid chromatography techniques, and T-lymphocyte blastogenesis was measured in cell cultures of peripheral blood monocytes by comparing [3H]thymidine incorporation in mitogen-stimulated (concanavalin A) and nonstimulated cells. After the third day of O3 at 20 h postexposure, ST levels were reduced significantly compared with the FA control subjects (down 145; -0.96 μmol/l). Mitogen-activated T lymphocytes exhibited a 61% increase in blastogenic activity after 3 days of O3 exposure, significant compared with the proliferative activity of activated T lymphocytes collected after FA or before O3. Acute airway function was impaired by O3, e.g., on day 1, the forced vital capacity and forced expiratory volume in 1 s were decreased 8% (-0.92 liter) and 14% (-0.86 l/s), respectively, from preexposure values, and full recovery was delayed beyond 24 h. Effects of O3 exposure on cellular and biochemical markers increased in magnitude after each exposure and did not parallel the apparent adaptability of bronchial sensitivity to O3.
- T lymphocytes
- forced expiratory volume in 1 second
- forced vital capacity
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)