BACKGROUND: Transvenous lead extractions (TLEs) have increased in number due to an increased prevalence of cardiac implantable devices. Bleeding complications associated with TLEs can be catastrophic, and many institutions order blood components to be available in the procedure room. There are few studies supporting or refuting this practice. We evaluated transfusion rates for TLEs at a single, high-volume center to assess the need for having blood in the procedure room. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Patients undergoing TLEs from April 2010 to February 2019 were identified from our institutional database. The percentage of patients transfused intraoperatively, the number of units transfused, and the reasons for transfusion were determined from the database and by manual chart review. RESULTS: A total of 473 patients underwent a TLE during this time frame. Of these, only 17 patients (3.6%) received a red blood cell (RBC) transfusion. Ten of the 17 patients received RBCs secondary to preoperative anemia. Of the remaining seven patients, only four patients received more than 2 RBC units, and only one received more than 10 RBC units. No patient received more than 2 RBC units or any plasma or platelets in the past 4 years. CONCLUSION: Due to improvements in procedural techniques, advent of accessible remote blood allocation systems, and changes in transfusion practice (e.g., electronic crossmatch), routinely having blood components in the procedure room for every TLE may be an outdated practice for high-volume centers.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy