Blood pressure management during acute ischaemic stroke

Robert J. Wityk, John J. Lewin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Control of hypertension is a well-established goal of primary stroke prevention. Management of blood pressure in patients during acute ischaemic stroke, however, is complicated by the need to maintain brain perfusion. Lowering blood pressure in the acute setting may avoid the deleterious effects of high blood pressure but may also lead to cerebral hypoperfusion and worsening of the ischaemic stroke. Little information is available from clinical trials concerning optimal blood pressure management in acute stroke. Current protocols of thrombolytic therapy require strict blood pressure control below certain prescribed limits; however, in most acute stroke patients not treated with thrombolysis, blood pressure reduction is not routinely recommended and guidelines for target blood pressures are difficult to justify. Preliminary studies, in fact, suggest that there may be a role for blood pressure elevation in the treatment of some patients with acute ischaemic stroke.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)247-258
Number of pages12
JournalExpert opinion on pharmacotherapy
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2006

Keywords

  • Blood pressure
  • Cerebral perfusion
  • Hypertension
  • Ischaemic stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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