Blood pressure and the risk of developing diabetes in African Americans and Whites

ARIC, CARDIA, and the Framingham Heart Study

Gina S. Wei, Sean A. Coady, David C. Goff, Frederick L. Brancati, Daniel Levy, Elizabeth Selvin, Ramachandran S. Vasan, Caroline S. Fox

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVE - We examined the association between high blood pressure and incident type 2 diabetes in African Americans and whites aged 35-54 years at baseline. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - We combined data from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study, the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study, and the Framingham Heart Study offspring cohort. Overall, 10,893 participants (57% women; 23% African American) were categorized by baseline blood pressure (normal, prehypertension, hypertension) and examined for incident diabetes (median follow-up 8.9 years). RESULTS - Overall, 14.6% of African Americans and 7.9%of whites developed diabetes. Age-adjusted incidence was increasingly higher across increasing blood pressure groups (P values for trend:,0.05 for African American men;

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)873-879
Number of pages7
JournalDiabetes Care
Volume34
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2011

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African Americans
Young Adult
Atherosclerosis
Coronary Vessels
Blood Pressure
Prehypertension
Hypertension
Blood Group Antigens
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Cohort Studies
Research Design
Incidence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

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Blood pressure and the risk of developing diabetes in African Americans and Whites : ARIC, CARDIA, and the Framingham Heart Study. / Wei, Gina S.; Coady, Sean A.; Goff, David C.; Brancati, Frederick L.; Levy, Daniel; Selvin, Elizabeth; Vasan, Ramachandran S.; Fox, Caroline S.

In: Diabetes Care, Vol. 34, No. 4, 04.2011, p. 873-879.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wei, Gina S. ; Coady, Sean A. ; Goff, David C. ; Brancati, Frederick L. ; Levy, Daniel ; Selvin, Elizabeth ; Vasan, Ramachandran S. ; Fox, Caroline S. / Blood pressure and the risk of developing diabetes in African Americans and Whites : ARIC, CARDIA, and the Framingham Heart Study. In: Diabetes Care. 2011 ; Vol. 34, No. 4. pp. 873-879.
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