Blood mercury levels and neurobehavioral function

Megan Weil, Joseph Bressler, Patrick Parsons, Karen Bolla, Thomas Glass, Brian Schwartz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Context: Due to its cardiovascular benefits, fish consumption is widely encouraged among older Americans. However, this fast-growing population is at increased risk of cognitive impairment and may be particularly sensitive to methylmercury, a neurotoxicant found in fish. Objective: To describe associations of blood mercury levels with neurobehavioral test scores in an urban adult population. Design, Setting, and Participants: Cross-sectional analysis to determine the effect of mercury levels on neurobehavior in 474 randomly selected participants in the Baltimore Memory Study, a longitudinal study of cognitive decline involving 1140 Baltimore residents aged 50 to 70 years. We measured total mercury in whole blood samples and used multiple linear regression to examine its associations with neurobehavioral test scores. First-visit data were obtained in 2001-2002. Main Outcome Measures: Twenty scores from 12 neurobehavioral tests. Results: The median blood mercury level was 2.1 μg/L (range, 0-16 μg/L). After adjustment for covariates, increasing blood mercury was associated with worse performance on Rey complex figure delayed recall, a test of visual memory (β, -0.224; 95% confidence interval, -0.402 to -0.047). However, increasing blood mercury levels were associated with better performance on finger tapping, a test of manual dexterity (β for dominant hand, 0.351; 95% confidence interval, 0.017-0.686). Conclusion: Overall, the data do not provide strong evidence that blood mercury levels are associated with worse neurobehavioral performance in this population of older urban adults.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1875-1882
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Medical Association
Volume293
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 20 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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