Blood clot resolution in human cerebrospinal fluid: Evidence of first-order kinetics

Neal J. Naff, Michael A. Williams, Daniele Rigamonti, Penelope M. Keyl, Daniel F. Hanley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To determine the kinetics of blood clot resolution in human cerebrospinal fluid. METHODS: Computed tomographic scans of 17 adult patients with intraventricular hemorrhages were analyzed. Intraventricular clot volume was determined and analyzed over time to determine both a standardized percentage rate and an absolute rate of clot resolution. Results were analyzed by use of regression for cross sectional time-series data. To determine the kinetics of intraventricular clot resolution, the effect of the clot volume on the percentage rate of clot resolution, clot half-life, and absolute rate of clot resolution was analyzed. The potential effect of age, sex, type of hemorrhage, and treatment with external ventricular drainage on the percentage rate of clot resolution was assessed. RESULTS: The percentage rate of clot resolution was 10.8% per day (95% confidence interval, 9.05-12.61%), and it was independent of initial clot volume, age, sex, type of underlying hemorrhage, and use of external ventricular drainage. The absolute rate of clot resolution varied directly with the maximal clot volume (R2 = 0.88; P < 0.001). The percentage clot resolution data are consistent with events during the first 24 to 48 hours that antagonize clot resolution. CONCLUSION: These findings demonstrate that intraventricular blood clot resolution in patients with intraventricular hemorrhage follows first-order kinetics. The thrombolytic enzyme system responsible for intraventricular clot resolution seems to be saturated at 24 to 48 hours after the initial hemorrhage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)614-621
Number of pages8
JournalNeurosurgery
Volume49
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 31 2001

Keywords

  • Cerebrospinal fluid
  • Intraventricular hemorrhage
  • Kinetics
  • Thrombolysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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