Blocking cellular N-glycosylation suppresses human cytomegalovirus entry in human fibroblasts

Luping Zheng, Huifen Li, Li Fu, Sally Liu, Qiu Yan, Sean X. Leng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

N-glycosylation plays an important role in the pathogenesis of viral infections. However, the role of host cell N-glycosylation in human cytomegalovirus (hCMV) infection remains to be elucidated. In this study, we found that blocking or removal of cellular N-glycosylation by tunicamycin, peptide-N-glycosidase F (PNGase F) treatment, or N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase I (MGAT1) knockdown resulted in suppression of hCMV infection in human fibroblasts. This suppression was reversed following N-glycosylation restoration. Immunofluorescence and flow cytometry analysis showed that blockade of cellular N-glycosylation interfered with hCMV entry rather than binding. Removal of N-glycosylation on epidermal growth factor (EGFR) and integrin β3, two proposed hCMV receptors, blocked their interaction with hCMV glycoproteins B and H. It also suppressed activation of these receptors and downstream integrin β3/Src signaling. Taken together, these results suggest that N-glycosylation of host cell glycoproteins including two proposed hCMV receptors is critical for hCMV entry rather than attachment. They provide novel insights into the biological process important for the early stage of hCMV infection with potential therapeutic implications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number103776
JournalMicrobial Pathogenesis
Volume138
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2020

Keywords

  • N-Glycosylation
  • Virus-host interaction
  • hCMV entry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Infectious Diseases

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