Blast eye injuries: A review for first responders

Michael G. Morley, Jackie K. Nguyen, Jeffrey S. Heier, Bradford J. Shingleton, Joseph F. Pasternak, Kraig Bower

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

As the rate of terrorism increases, it is important for health care providers to become familiar with the management of injuries inflicted by blasts and explosions. This article reviews the ocular injuries associated with explosive blasts, providing basic concepts with which to approach the blast-injured patient with eye trauma. We conducted a literature review of relevant articles indexed in PubMed between 1948 and 2007. Two hundred fortyfour articles were reviewed. We concluded that ocular injury is a frequent cause of morbidity in blast victims, occurring in up to 28% of blast survivors. Secondary blast injuries, resulting from flying fragments and debris, cause the majority of eye injuries among blast victims. The most common blast eye injuries include corneal abrasions and foreign bodies, eyelid lacerations, open globe injuries, and intraocular foreign bodies. Injuries to the periorbital area can be a source of significant morbidity, and ocular blast injuries have the potential to result in severe vision loss.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)154-160
Number of pages7
JournalDisaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Volume4
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2010
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Blast Injuries
Eye Injuries
Foreign Bodies
Wounds and Injuries
Morbidity
Terrorism
Explosions
Lacerations
Eyelids
PubMed
Health Personnel
Survivors

Keywords

  • Eye injuries
  • Warfare

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Morley, M. G., Nguyen, J. K., Heier, J. S., Shingleton, B. J., Pasternak, J. F., & Bower, K. (2010). Blast eye injuries: A review for first responders. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, 4(2), 154-160. https://doi.org/10.1001/dmp.v4n2.hra10003

Blast eye injuries : A review for first responders. / Morley, Michael G.; Nguyen, Jackie K.; Heier, Jeffrey S.; Shingleton, Bradford J.; Pasternak, Joseph F.; Bower, Kraig.

In: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, Vol. 4, No. 2, 06.2010, p. 154-160.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Morley, MG, Nguyen, JK, Heier, JS, Shingleton, BJ, Pasternak, JF & Bower, K 2010, 'Blast eye injuries: A review for first responders', Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 154-160. https://doi.org/10.1001/dmp.v4n2.hra10003
Morley, Michael G. ; Nguyen, Jackie K. ; Heier, Jeffrey S. ; Shingleton, Bradford J. ; Pasternak, Joseph F. ; Bower, Kraig. / Blast eye injuries : A review for first responders. In: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness. 2010 ; Vol. 4, No. 2. pp. 154-160.
@article{38441f35e17348019ecfd5a902acdb1f,
title = "Blast eye injuries: A review for first responders",
abstract = "As the rate of terrorism increases, it is important for health care providers to become familiar with the management of injuries inflicted by blasts and explosions. This article reviews the ocular injuries associated with explosive blasts, providing basic concepts with which to approach the blast-injured patient with eye trauma. We conducted a literature review of relevant articles indexed in PubMed between 1948 and 2007. Two hundred fortyfour articles were reviewed. We concluded that ocular injury is a frequent cause of morbidity in blast victims, occurring in up to 28{\%} of blast survivors. Secondary blast injuries, resulting from flying fragments and debris, cause the majority of eye injuries among blast victims. The most common blast eye injuries include corneal abrasions and foreign bodies, eyelid lacerations, open globe injuries, and intraocular foreign bodies. Injuries to the periorbital area can be a source of significant morbidity, and ocular blast injuries have the potential to result in severe vision loss.",
keywords = "Eye injuries, Warfare",
author = "Morley, {Michael G.} and Nguyen, {Jackie K.} and Heier, {Jeffrey S.} and Shingleton, {Bradford J.} and Pasternak, {Joseph F.} and Kraig Bower",
year = "2010",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1001/dmp.v4n2.hra10003",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "4",
pages = "154--160",
journal = "Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness",
issn = "1935-7893",
publisher = "American Medical Association",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Blast eye injuries

T2 - A review for first responders

AU - Morley, Michael G.

AU - Nguyen, Jackie K.

AU - Heier, Jeffrey S.

AU - Shingleton, Bradford J.

AU - Pasternak, Joseph F.

AU - Bower, Kraig

PY - 2010/6

Y1 - 2010/6

N2 - As the rate of terrorism increases, it is important for health care providers to become familiar with the management of injuries inflicted by blasts and explosions. This article reviews the ocular injuries associated with explosive blasts, providing basic concepts with which to approach the blast-injured patient with eye trauma. We conducted a literature review of relevant articles indexed in PubMed between 1948 and 2007. Two hundred fortyfour articles were reviewed. We concluded that ocular injury is a frequent cause of morbidity in blast victims, occurring in up to 28% of blast survivors. Secondary blast injuries, resulting from flying fragments and debris, cause the majority of eye injuries among blast victims. The most common blast eye injuries include corneal abrasions and foreign bodies, eyelid lacerations, open globe injuries, and intraocular foreign bodies. Injuries to the periorbital area can be a source of significant morbidity, and ocular blast injuries have the potential to result in severe vision loss.

AB - As the rate of terrorism increases, it is important for health care providers to become familiar with the management of injuries inflicted by blasts and explosions. This article reviews the ocular injuries associated with explosive blasts, providing basic concepts with which to approach the blast-injured patient with eye trauma. We conducted a literature review of relevant articles indexed in PubMed between 1948 and 2007. Two hundred fortyfour articles were reviewed. We concluded that ocular injury is a frequent cause of morbidity in blast victims, occurring in up to 28% of blast survivors. Secondary blast injuries, resulting from flying fragments and debris, cause the majority of eye injuries among blast victims. The most common blast eye injuries include corneal abrasions and foreign bodies, eyelid lacerations, open globe injuries, and intraocular foreign bodies. Injuries to the periorbital area can be a source of significant morbidity, and ocular blast injuries have the potential to result in severe vision loss.

KW - Eye injuries

KW - Warfare

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77957257390&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77957257390&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1001/dmp.v4n2.hra10003

DO - 10.1001/dmp.v4n2.hra10003

M3 - Article

C2 - 20526138

AN - SCOPUS:77957257390

VL - 4

SP - 154

EP - 160

JO - Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness

JF - Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness

SN - 1935-7893

IS - 2

ER -