The modern staged approach to bladder exstrophy reconstruction has undergone significant changes since it was first advocated by Jeffs and Cendron in the 1970s. Although varied surgical approaches have been tried in the bladder exstrophy condition, the staged approach to bladder exstrophy repair has withstood the test of time. Progress continues to be made in evaluating the outcome of older types of staged reconstruction, with continuing modification and improvements in the modern approach to staged reconstruction. This treatise will update the reader on recent advances in the treatment of bladder and cloacal exstrophy. (C) 1999 Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.
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