Currently, these objectives can best be achieved with newborn primary bladder and posterior urethral closure, early epispadias repair, and finally, bladder neck reconstruction, when the bladder reaches an appropriate volume for an outlet procedure. This chapter will be limited to discussion on the early management and initial primary closure of these infants.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||Newborn Surgery, Second Edition|
|Number of pages||10|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2003|
ASJC Scopus subject areas