Black-white differences in health-related quality of life among older adults

Kimberly A. Skarupski, Carlos F.Mendes De Leon, Julia L. Bienias, Paul A. Scherr, Matthew M. Zack, David G. Moriarty, Denis A. Evans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Very little information exists on racial differences in quality of life among older adults. In this paper, we examine black-white differences in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and identify factors that may account for these differences. The participants were 5,986 community-dwelling persons age 65+ (62% black at baseline) from the Chicago Health and Aging Project. Poor HRQOL was defined as having 14 or more self-reported physically or mentally unhealthy days over the past 30 days. A higher proportion of blacks (11.0%) than whites (9.7%) reported poor HRQOL. After adjusting for age and sex, blacks had increased odds of reporting poor HRQOL compared with whites (odds ratio [OR] = 1.72; 95% CI: 1.50-1.98). The black-white differences in HRQOL tended to increase with age (p < 0.05) and were greater among females (p < 0.05). Lifetime socioeconomic status, summary measures of medical conditions, and cognitive function accounted for most of the black-white difference (OR = 1.06; 95% CI: 0.89-1.27). Our results suggest that racial differences in HRQOL are associated with the combined effects of social disadvantage, poor physical health, and lower cognitive function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)287-296
Number of pages10
JournalQuality of Life Research
Volume16
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2007
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Quality of Life
Cognition
Odds Ratio
Independent Living
Health
hydroquinone
Social Class

Keywords

  • Health-related quality of life
  • Older age
  • Quality of life
  • Racial differences

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Skarupski, K. A., De Leon, C. F. M., Bienias, J. L., Scherr, P. A., Zack, M. M., Moriarty, D. G., & Evans, D. A. (2007). Black-white differences in health-related quality of life among older adults. Quality of Life Research, 16(2), 287-296. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-006-9115-y

Black-white differences in health-related quality of life among older adults. / Skarupski, Kimberly A.; De Leon, Carlos F.Mendes; Bienias, Julia L.; Scherr, Paul A.; Zack, Matthew M.; Moriarty, David G.; Evans, Denis A.

In: Quality of Life Research, Vol. 16, No. 2, 03.2007, p. 287-296.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Skarupski, KA, De Leon, CFM, Bienias, JL, Scherr, PA, Zack, MM, Moriarty, DG & Evans, DA 2007, 'Black-white differences in health-related quality of life among older adults', Quality of Life Research, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 287-296. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-006-9115-y
Skarupski, Kimberly A. ; De Leon, Carlos F.Mendes ; Bienias, Julia L. ; Scherr, Paul A. ; Zack, Matthew M. ; Moriarty, David G. ; Evans, Denis A. / Black-white differences in health-related quality of life among older adults. In: Quality of Life Research. 2007 ; Vol. 16, No. 2. pp. 287-296.
@article{163ab6e84b39492985aed993ffbd9fbe,
title = "Black-white differences in health-related quality of life among older adults",
abstract = "Very little information exists on racial differences in quality of life among older adults. In this paper, we examine black-white differences in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and identify factors that may account for these differences. The participants were 5,986 community-dwelling persons age 65+ (62{\%} black at baseline) from the Chicago Health and Aging Project. Poor HRQOL was defined as having 14 or more self-reported physically or mentally unhealthy days over the past 30 days. A higher proportion of blacks (11.0{\%}) than whites (9.7{\%}) reported poor HRQOL. After adjusting for age and sex, blacks had increased odds of reporting poor HRQOL compared with whites (odds ratio [OR] = 1.72; 95{\%} CI: 1.50-1.98). The black-white differences in HRQOL tended to increase with age (p < 0.05) and were greater among females (p < 0.05). Lifetime socioeconomic status, summary measures of medical conditions, and cognitive function accounted for most of the black-white difference (OR = 1.06; 95{\%} CI: 0.89-1.27). Our results suggest that racial differences in HRQOL are associated with the combined effects of social disadvantage, poor physical health, and lower cognitive function.",
keywords = "Health-related quality of life, Older age, Quality of life, Racial differences",
author = "Skarupski, {Kimberly A.} and {De Leon}, {Carlos F.Mendes} and Bienias, {Julia L.} and Scherr, {Paul A.} and Zack, {Matthew M.} and Moriarty, {David G.} and Evans, {Denis A.}",
year = "2007",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1007/s11136-006-9115-y",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "16",
pages = "287--296",
journal = "Quality of Life Research",
issn = "0962-9343",
publisher = "Springer Netherlands",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Black-white differences in health-related quality of life among older adults

AU - Skarupski, Kimberly A.

AU - De Leon, Carlos F.Mendes

AU - Bienias, Julia L.

AU - Scherr, Paul A.

AU - Zack, Matthew M.

AU - Moriarty, David G.

AU - Evans, Denis A.

PY - 2007/3

Y1 - 2007/3

N2 - Very little information exists on racial differences in quality of life among older adults. In this paper, we examine black-white differences in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and identify factors that may account for these differences. The participants were 5,986 community-dwelling persons age 65+ (62% black at baseline) from the Chicago Health and Aging Project. Poor HRQOL was defined as having 14 or more self-reported physically or mentally unhealthy days over the past 30 days. A higher proportion of blacks (11.0%) than whites (9.7%) reported poor HRQOL. After adjusting for age and sex, blacks had increased odds of reporting poor HRQOL compared with whites (odds ratio [OR] = 1.72; 95% CI: 1.50-1.98). The black-white differences in HRQOL tended to increase with age (p < 0.05) and were greater among females (p < 0.05). Lifetime socioeconomic status, summary measures of medical conditions, and cognitive function accounted for most of the black-white difference (OR = 1.06; 95% CI: 0.89-1.27). Our results suggest that racial differences in HRQOL are associated with the combined effects of social disadvantage, poor physical health, and lower cognitive function.

AB - Very little information exists on racial differences in quality of life among older adults. In this paper, we examine black-white differences in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and identify factors that may account for these differences. The participants were 5,986 community-dwelling persons age 65+ (62% black at baseline) from the Chicago Health and Aging Project. Poor HRQOL was defined as having 14 or more self-reported physically or mentally unhealthy days over the past 30 days. A higher proportion of blacks (11.0%) than whites (9.7%) reported poor HRQOL. After adjusting for age and sex, blacks had increased odds of reporting poor HRQOL compared with whites (odds ratio [OR] = 1.72; 95% CI: 1.50-1.98). The black-white differences in HRQOL tended to increase with age (p < 0.05) and were greater among females (p < 0.05). Lifetime socioeconomic status, summary measures of medical conditions, and cognitive function accounted for most of the black-white difference (OR = 1.06; 95% CI: 0.89-1.27). Our results suggest that racial differences in HRQOL are associated with the combined effects of social disadvantage, poor physical health, and lower cognitive function.

KW - Health-related quality of life

KW - Older age

KW - Quality of life

KW - Racial differences

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33846182596&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33846182596&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s11136-006-9115-y

DO - 10.1007/s11136-006-9115-y

M3 - Article

C2 - 17033898

AN - SCOPUS:33846182596

VL - 16

SP - 287

EP - 296

JO - Quality of Life Research

JF - Quality of Life Research

SN - 0962-9343

IS - 2

ER -