Black Grandmothers in Multigenerational Households: Diversity in Family Structure and Parenting Involvement in the Woodlawn Community

Jane L. Pearson, Andrea G. Hunter, Margaret E. Ensminger, Sheppard G. Kellam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We report here the frequency of black grandmothers' coresidence in households with first‐grade children, their patterns of involvement in parenting, and the degree to which family structure and employment affected the grandmothers parenting involvement in a 1966/1967 community‐defined population. Coresidence between grandmothers and their target first‐grade grandchildren was found in 10% of the households. The 130 grandmothers' parenting involvement was substantial, second only to mother involvement, and was characterized by 2 parenting activity patterns: control and punishment, and support and punishment. The degree of grandmothers' parenting involvement differed by family structure, with grandmothers in mother‐absent homes most likely to be involved. Grandmothers' employment did not moderate their engagement in parenting behaviors. These findings are consistent with previous reports of significant parenting involvement by black extended family members.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)434-442
Number of pages9
JournalChild development
Volume61
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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