Bizarre complications of peritoneovenous shunts

F. E. Eckhauser, W. E. Strodel, J. W. Girardy, J. G. Turcotte

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Implantable peritoneovenous shunts have facilitated the management of patients with medically intractable ascites. The more commonly reported complications occur with an incidence of 20-50%. Rare and problematic complications are becoming increasingly frequent. Two unusual complications, 1) progressive respiratory insufficiency and death secondary to pulmonary embolization of ascites fluid containing cholesterol crystals, and 2) shunt malfunction caused by the formation of a fibrous envelope around the venous catheter are presented. Pathogenesis, diagnosis and therapy of each of these unusual complications is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)180-184
Number of pages5
JournalAnnals of surgery
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1981
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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