Aberrant expression and activating mutations of the class III receptor tyrosine kinase Flt3 (Flk-2, STK-1) have been linked to poor prognosis in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Inhibitors of Flt3 tyrosine kinase activity are, therefore, of interest as potential therapeutic compounds. We previously described bis(1H-2-indolyl)-1-methanones as a novel class of selective inhibitors for platelet-derived growth factor receptors (PDGFR). Several bis(1H-2-indolyl)-1-methanone derivatives, represented by the compounds D-64406 and D-65476, are also potent inhibitors of Flt3. They inhibit proliferation of TEL-Flt3-transfected BA/F3 cells with IC50 values of 0.2-0.3 μM in the absence of IL-3 but >10 μM in the presence of IL-3. Ligand-stimulated autophosphorylation of Flt3 in EOL-1 cells and corresponding downstream activation of Akt/PKB are effectively inhibited by bis(1H-2-indolyl)-1-methanones whereas autophosphorylation of c-Kit/SCF receptor or c-Fms/CSF-1 receptor is less sensitive or insensitive, respectively. Flt3 kinase purified by different methods is potently inhibited in vitro, demonstrating a direct mechanism of inhibition. 32D cells, expressing a constitutively active Flt3 variant with internal tandem duplication are greatly sensitized to radiation-induced apoptosis in the presence of D-64406 or D-65476 in the absence but not in the presence of IL-3. Thus, bis(1H-2-indolyl)-1-methanones are potential candidates for the treatment of Flt3-driven leukemias.
- Bis(1 H-2-indolyl)-1-methanones
- Signal transduction
- Tyrosine kinase
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research