Birth weight references for triplets

S. J. Min, B. Luke, L. Min, R. Misiunas, C. Nugent, C. Van De Ven, D. Martin, V. H. Gonzalez-Quintero, S. Eardley, F. R. Witter, J. G. Mauldin, R. B. Newman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Objective The purpose of this study was to formulate growth references that reflect triplet fetal and neonatal populations at each gestational age by combining serial ultrasonographic estimates of fetal weights and measured birth weights. Study design This historical cohort study was based on 188 pregnancies of live-born triplets of ≥23 weeks' gestation. Ultrasonographic fetal weight measures were modeled as a function of gestational age for each infant. Linear regression models were used to fit the data, and weight percentiles were generated. Results Well-grown triplets fell substantially below singletons by 30 weeks and twins after 34 weeks. Trichorionic vs monochorionic or dichorionic placentation resulted in 27% higher growth at the 10th %ile, 5% higher growth at the 50th %ile, and 4% higher growth at the 90th %ile by 34 weeks. Conclusion The overall pattern of fetal growth for well-grown triplets does not differ from that of singletons and twins until late gestation, confirming that, in utero, well-grown children have similar growth potentials, regardless of plurality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)809-814
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican journal of obstetrics and gynecology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2004
Externally publishedYes


  • Birth weight
  • Chorionicity
  • Intrauterine growth
  • Triplets

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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