OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate the relationship between parameters of bipolar radiofrequency (RF) ablation using internally cooled electrodes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Bipolar RF ablations (n = 24) were performed in ex vivo bovine liver using an internally cooled applicator with 2 electrodes located on the same shaft. The power-output was systematically varied (20-75 W). On the basis of our experimental data, mathematical functions were fitted and the goodness-of-fit was assessed by the parameter R. RESULTS: The duration to induce an increase of tissue resistance and the amount of applied energy increased with a decreased power-output. The maximum short-axis was 4.5 cm (20 W) and required an application of 64 kilojoules (kJ). The volume of coagulation can be determined as a function of the duration of energy application (R = 0.954) and the amount of applied energy (R = 0.945). CONCLUSION: The amount of applied energy and the duration of energy application can predict the volume of induced coagulation and may be useful to control internally cooled bipolar RF ablation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2007|
- Radiofrequency ablation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging