The synthetic bovine parathyroid hormone (PTH) analog (Nle8, Nle18, Tyr34) bovine PTH(1-34)amide (bPTH(1-34)amide) was reacted with biotinyl-ε aminocaproic acid-N-hydroxysuccinimide under conditions which yielded five isoforms which were fractionated by a combination of reversed phase and ion-exchange chromatography. These reaction products were analyzed by automated Edman degradation in a manner which allowed us to specify the location and number of biotin residues on picomole quantities of hormone. The ability of each of these isoforms to induce a rise in intracellular cAMP in the ROS 17/2.8 cell line allowed us to evaluate the effect on function of biotinylation at different residues. Derivatized PTH molecules which contained a single biotin at either lysine 13, lysine 26, or lysine 27 possessed full biological activity. However, bioactivity was significantly reduced when position 13 plus either lysine 26 or 27 were biotinylated. Biological activity was lost when all 3 lysine residues were biotinylated. Biotinylation of the α-NH2 group of alanine at the NH2 terminus also resulted in a total loss of activity. Hence, unlike the effect of altering the alanine at position 1, modification of a single lysine residue at positions 13, 26, and 27 had a less critical effect on biological activity of the molecule. However, biotinylation of all three lysines results in a biologically inert PTH derivative and suggests that changes in isoelectric point, hydrophobicity, or tertiary structure may strongly influence hormone function. A fully bioactive-mixture of isoforms was used to detect receptors on ROS 17/2.8 cells by flow cytometry using fluorescein isothiocyanate-avidin as a fluorescent indicator. Binding to cell surface receptors was saturable and could be inhibited by native bPTH(1-34) but not by transforming growth factor β, calcitonin or insulin. Moreover, PTH receptors could also be detected on primary cultures of human bone cells and human fibroblasts.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1989|
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