Biosynthetic studies on mannolipids and mannoproteins of normal and vitamin a-depleted hamster livers

Luigi M. De Luca, Carol S. Silverman-Jones, Robert M. Barr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The incorporation of [1-14C] mannose into hamster liver glycolipids and glycoproteins was studied in normal and vitamin A-depleted hamsters. Severely (25% weight loss) and mildly (no weight loss) deficient animals were compared to vitamin A-fed controls. The incorporation of [14C] mannose into glycolipids and glycoproteins decreased in mild and severe vitamin A deficiency by 63-90% compared to vitamin A-fed animals. These results were essentially the same whether expressed per g of wet liver, per DNA or per protein. The size of the pools of mannose, glucose and galactose and their specific radioactivity in liver were determined by gas-liquid chromatography of the boronates of the hexitols (Eisenberg, Jr, F. (1972) Methods Enzymol. XXVIIIB, 168-178) in normal and vitamin A-deficient conditions. It was found that the amount of free hexoses per g of liver was very similar in normal and vitamin A-deficient conditions. The specific radioactivities for mannose and glucose were greater in vitamin A deficiency, thus excluding the possibility that the observed severe decrease in glycopeptide and glycolipid synthesis is a reflection of a similar decrease in the specific radioactivity of the precursor pools. Quantitation of mannose in glycoprotein showed a 79% decrease in vitamin A deficiency. Specific radioactivity of mannose in glycoproteins, 20 min after injection of the label, was 187 dpm/μg of mannose in the normal and 48 dpm/μg of mannose in the vitamin A-deficient livers. It is concluded that vitamin A is necessary for the biosynthesis of liver mannose-containing glycoproteins and glycolipids.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)342-359
Number of pages18
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)/Lipids and Lipid Metabolism
Volume409
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 17 1975
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology

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