Biomedical HIV prevention strategies for primary or secondary prevention of HIV transmission can be seen as an adjunct to behavioral prevention approaches. These interventions include vaccination, female controlled vaginal microbicides, male circumcision, treatment of sexually transmitted infections that cause genital ulceration, Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PREP) and Post-Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP). This article reviews results from recent randomized controlled trials of novel biomedical prevention approaches and discusses interpretation of the results. The only intervention consistently demonstrating reductions in HIV transmission was adult male circumcision in Sub-Saharan Africa. Results of PREP trials will be available in the next several years.
- Biomedical prevention
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)