Biceps tenodesis provides reliable pain relief for patients with biceps tendon abnormality. Previous cadaver studies have shown that, for biceps tenodesis, an interference screw provides biomechanical strength to failure superior to that of suture anchors. This finding has led some providers to conclude that screw fixation for biceps tenodesis is superior to suture anchor fixation. The purpose of the current study was to test the hypothesis that the strength of a 2-suture-anchor technique with closing of the transverse ligament is equal to that of interference screw fixation for biceps tenodesis. In 6 paired, fresh-frozen cadaveric shoulder specimens, we excised the soft tissue except for the biceps tendon and the transverse ligament. We used 2 different methods for biceps tenodesis: (1) suture anchor repair with closing of the transverse ligament over the repair, and (2) interference screw fixation of the biceps tendon in the bicipital groove. Each specimen was preloaded with 5 N and then stretched to failure at 5 mm/sec on a materials testing machine. The load-to-failure forces of each method of fixation were recorded and compared. Mean loads to failure for the suture anchor and interference screw repairs were 263.2 N (95% confidence interval [CI], 221.7-304.6) and 159.4 N (95% CI, 118.4-200.5), respectively. Biceps tenodesis using suture anchors and closure of the transverse ligament provided superior load to failure than did interference screw fixation. This study shows that mini-open techniques using 2 anchors is a biomechanically comparable method to interference fixation for biceps tendon tenodesis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine