The phencyclidine (PCP) receptor is a site within the ion channel gated by the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-type excitatory amino acid receptor. In the present study, kinetics of association and dissociation of the specific PCP receptor ligand [3H]MK-801 were determined in order to elucidate the mechanism of functioning of the NMDA receptor complex. Two distinct components of [3H]MK-801 associated with apparent t( 1/2 ) values of approximately 10 min and 3 hr were resolved. Incubation with the NMDA receptor agonist L-glutamate increased the total steady state binding of [3H]MK-801 and increased the relative percentage of [3H]MK-801 binding that manifested fast rather than slow kinetics, without altering the observed rate constant of either the fast or slow component of association. The competitive NMDA receptor antagonist D(-)-2-amino-5-phosphonovaleric acid decreased total steady state binding of [3H]MK-801. These data support a model in which [3H]MK-801 can gain access to its binding site via two distinct paths, a fast hydrophilic path associated with a conformation of the NMDA receptor in which the channel is open and a slow hydrophobic path independent of the open channel. In the presence of L-glutamate, incubation with glycine increased the relative percentage of [3H]MK-801 binding that manifested fast rather than slow kinetics. The Hill coefficient for stimulation of specific [3H]MK-801 binding by L-glutamate was significantly greater than unity in either the absence of presence of glycine. Our data support a model of NMDA receptor functioning in which two molecules of agonist are required to convert the receptor complex to a conformation that is in equilibrium with the open conformation and in which glycine regulates the percentage of NMDA receptor complexes bound to two molecules of agonist that convert to the open configuration.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - 1989|
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