Biodegradable polymeric vectors for gene delivery to human endothelial cells

Jordan J. Green, Julie Shi, Eugene Chiu, Elizaveta S. Leshchiner, Robert Langer, Daniel G. Anderson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Endothelial cells are an important cell type to both cardiovascular disease and cancer, as they play critical roles in vascular function and angiogenesis. However, effective and safe gene delivery to primary endothelial cells in the presence of serum proteins is known to be particularly challenging. A library of biodegradable poly(β-amino esters) was synthesized for use as potential vectors. Promising vectors were optimized for high efficacy and low cytotoxicity to human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) in serum. Vector parameters including polymer type, polymer weight, and DNA loading were varied, and biophysical properties including particle size, ζ potential, and particle stability over time were studied. While many of the poly(β-amino ester) vectors have similar biophysical properties in the presence of buffer, their biophysical properties changed differentially in the presence of serum proteins, and the properties of these serum-interacting particles correlated to transfection efficacy. Leading poly(β-amino ester) vectors were found to transfect HUVECs in the presence of serum significantly higher (47 ± 9% positive, n = 10) than the best commercially available transfection reagents including jetPEI (p < 0.001) and Lipofectamine 2000 (p < 0.01). These results demonstrate the potential of a new class of biomaterials, poly(β-amino esters), for effective human endothelial cell gene therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1162-1169
Number of pages8
JournalBioconjugate Chemistry
Volume17
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2006
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Organic Chemistry

Cite this

Green, J. J., Shi, J., Chiu, E., Leshchiner, E. S., Langer, R., & Anderson, D. G. (2006). Biodegradable polymeric vectors for gene delivery to human endothelial cells. Bioconjugate Chemistry, 17(5), 1162-1169. https://doi.org/10.1021/bc0600968