Binding of vascular heparan sulfate proteoglycan to Alzheimer's amyloid precursor protein is mediated in part by the N-terminal region of A4 peptide

Luc Buée, Wanhong Ding, John P. Anderson, Suree Narindrasorasak, Robert Kisilevsky, Noel J. Boyle, Nikolaos K. Robakis, André Delacourte, Barry Greenberg, Howard M. Fillit

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The exact mechanisms of deposition and accumulation of amyloid in senile plaques and in blood vessels in Alzheimer's disease remain unknown. Heparan sulfate proteoglycans may play an important role in amyloid deposition in Alzheimer's disease. Previous investigations have demonstrated high affinity binding between heparan sulfate proteoglycans and the amyloid precursor, as well as with the A4 peptide. In the current studies, a specific vascular heparan sulfate proteoglycan found in senile plaques bound with high affinity to two amyloid protein precursors (APP695 and APP770). Vascular heparan sulfate proteoglycan also bound the Alzheimer's amyloid A4 peptide, and not other amyloid protein precursor regions studied, with high affinity. Both heparan sulfate glycosaminoglycan chains and chemically deglycosylated vascular heparan sulfate proteoglycan protein core bound to A4. High affinity interactions between vascular heparan sulfate proteoglycan and the A4 peptide may play a role in the process of amyloidogenesis in Alzheimer's disease, by localizing the site of deposition of A4, protecting A4 from further proteolysis, or by promoting aggregation and fibril formation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)199-204
Number of pages6
JournalBrain research
Volume627
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 12 1993
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Amyloid
  • Heparan sulfate
  • Proteoglycan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology

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