Bile salts increase epithelial cell proliferation through HuR-induced c-Myc expression

Erin E. Perrone, Lan Liu, Douglas J. Turner, Eric D. Strauch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Bile salts increase intestinal mucosal proliferation through an increase in c-Myc, a transcription factor that controls the expression of numerous translation regulatory proteins. HuR is an RNA-binding protein that regulates translation of target mRNAs. RNA-binding proteins can control mRNA stability by binding to AU- and U-rich elements located in the 3-untranslated regions (3-UTRs) of target mRNAs. Aim: To determine how bile salt-induced c-Myc stimulates enterocyte proliferation. Methods: Enterocyte proliferation was measured both in vivo using C57Bl6 mice and in vitro using IEC-6 cells after taurodeoxycholate (TDCA) supplementation. HuR and c-Myc protein expression was determined by immunoblot. c-Myc mRNA expression was determined by PCR. HuR expression was inhibited using specific small interfering RNA. HuR binding to c-Myc mRNA was determined by immunoprecipitation. Results: TDCA increased enterocyte proliferation in vivo and in vitro. TDCA stimulates translocation of HuR from the nucleus to the cytoplasm. Cytoplasmic HuR regulates c-Myc translation by HuR binding to the 3-UTR of c-Myc mRNA. Increased TDCA-induced c-Myc increases enterocyte proliferation. Conclusions: Bile salts have beneficial effects on the intestinal epithelial mucosa, which are important in maintaining intestinal mucosal integrity and function. These data further support an important beneficial role of bile salts in regulation of mucosal growth and repair. Decreased enterocyte exposure to luminal bile salts, as occurs during critical illness, liver failure, starvation, and intestinal injury, may have a detrimental effect on mucosal integrity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)155-164
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
Volume178
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2012

Keywords

  • HuR
  • Intestinal injury
  • Mucosal integrity
  • Proliferation
  • Taurodeoxycholic acid (TDCA)
  • c-Myc

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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