Bias Issues in Colorectal Cancer Management: A Review

Fabian M. Johnston, Heather L. Yeo, Callisia Clark, John H. Stewart

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Based on census data, over one-third of the US population identifies as a racial or ethnic minority. This group of racial and ethnic minorities is more likely to develop cancer and die from it when compared with the general population of the USA. These disparities are most pronounced in the African American community. Despite overall CRC rates decreasing nationally and within certain racial and ethnic minorities in the USA, there continue to be disparities in incidence and mortality when compared with non-Hispanic Whites. The disparities in CRC incidence and mortality are related to systematic racism and bias inherent in healthcare systems and society. Disparities in CRC management will continue to exist until specific interventions are implemented in the context of each racial and ethnic group. This review’s primary aim is to highlight the disparities in CRC among African Americans in the USA. For surgeons, understanding these disparities is formative to creating change and improving the quality of care, centering equity for all patients. [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2166-2173
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of surgical oncology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oncology


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