Beta structure motifs of islet amyloid polypeptides identified through surface-mediated assemblies

Xiao Bo Mao, Chen Xuan Wang, Xing Kui Wu, Xiao Jing Ma, Lei Liu, Lan Zhang, Lin Niu, Yuan Yuan Guo, Deng Hua Li, Yan Lian Yang, Chen Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Scopus citations


We report here the identification of the key sites for the beta structure motifs of the islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP) analogs by using scanning tunneling microscopy (STM). Duplex folding structures in human IAPP 8-37 (hIAPP 8-37) assembly were observed featuring a hairpin structure. The multiplicity in rIAPP assembly structures indicates the polydispersity of the rat IAPP 8-37 (rIAPP 8-37) beta-like motifs. The bimodal length distribution of beta structure motifs for rIAPP 8-37 R18H indicates the multiple beta segments linked by turns. The IAPP 8-37 analogs share common structure motifs of IAPP 8-17 and IAPP 26-37 with the most probable key sites at positions around Ser 19/Ser 20 and Gly 24. These observations reveal the similar amyloid formation tendency in the C and N terminus segments because of the sequence similarity, while the differences in specific amino acids at each key site manifest the effect of sequence variations. The results could be beneficial for studying structural polymorphism of amyloidal peptides with multiple beta structure motifs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19605-19610
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number49
StatePublished - Dec 6 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Amylin
  • Amyloid
  • Folding sites
  • Self-assembly

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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