Benzodiazepine binding site occupancy by the novel GABAA receptor subtype-selective drug 7-(1,1-dimethylethyl)-6-(2-ethyl-2H-1,2,4- triazol-3-ylmethoxy)-3-(2-fluorophenyl)-1,2,4-triazolo[4,3-b]pyridazine (TPA023) in rats, primates, and humans

John R. Atack, Dean F. Wong, Tim D. Fryer, Christine Ryan, Sandra Sanabria, Yun Zhou, Robert F. Dannals, Wai Si Eng, Raymond E. Gibson, H. Donald Burns, Jose M. Vega, Laura Vessy, Paul Scott-Stevens, John S. Beech, Jean Claude Baron, Bindi Sohal, Michael L. Schrag, Franklin I. Aigbirhio, Ruth M. McKernan, Richard J. Hargreaves

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Abstract

The GABAA receptor α2/α3 subtype-selective compound 7-(1,1-dimethylethyl)-6-(2-ethyl-2H-1,2,4-triazol-3-ylmethoxy) -3-(2-fluorophenyl)-1,2,4-triazolo[4,3-b]pyridazine (TPA023; also known as MK-0777) is a triazolopyridazine that has similar, subnanomolar affinity for the benzodiazepine binding site of α1-, α2-, α3-, and α5-containing GABAA receptors and has partial agonist efficacy at the α2 and α3 but not the α1 or α5 subtypes. The purpose of the present study was to define the relationship between plasma TPA023 concentrations and benzodiazepine binding site occupancy across species measured using various methods. Thus, occupancy was measured using either in vivo [3H]flumazenil binding or [11C]flumazenil small-animal positron emission tomography (microPET) in rats, [ 123I]iomazenil γ-scintigraphy in rhesus monkeys, and [ 11C]flumazenil PET in baboons and humans. For each study, plasma-occupancy curves were derived, and the plasma concentration of TPA023 required to produce 50% occupancy (EC50) was calculated. The EC 50 values for rats, rhesus monkeys, and baboons were all similar and ranged from 19 to 30 ng/ml, although in humans, the EC50 was slightly lower at 9 ng/ml. In humans, a single 2-mg dose of TPA023 produced in the region of 50 to 60% occupancy in the absence of overt sedative-like effects. Considering that nonselective full agonists are associated with sedation at occupancies of less than 30%, these data emphasize the relatively nonsedating nature of TPA023.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17-25
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Volume332
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology

Cite this

Atack, J. R., Wong, D. F., Fryer, T. D., Ryan, C., Sanabria, S., Zhou, Y., Dannals, R. F., Eng, W. S., Gibson, R. E., Burns, H. D., Vega, J. M., Vessy, L., Scott-Stevens, P., Beech, J. S., Baron, J. C., Sohal, B., Schrag, M. L., Aigbirhio, F. I., McKernan, R. M., & Hargreaves, R. J. (2010). Benzodiazepine binding site occupancy by the novel GABAA receptor subtype-selective drug 7-(1,1-dimethylethyl)-6-(2-ethyl-2H-1,2,4- triazol-3-ylmethoxy)-3-(2-fluorophenyl)-1,2,4-triazolo[4,3-b]pyridazine (TPA023) in rats, primates, and humans. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, 332(1), 17-25. https://doi.org/10.1124/jpet.109.157909