Benzodiazepine and sedative use/abuse by methadone maintenance clients

Martin Y. Iguchi, Leonard Handelsman, Warren K. Bickel, Roland R. Griffiths

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Clients at three geographically separate methadone maintenance clinics were surveyed regarding their lifetime use of ten commonly used benzodiazepines and barbiturates. In Baltimore (n = 50), 94% reported use of one or more of these drugs in their lifetime, with 66% reporting use in the last 6 months. In Philadelphia (n = 218), 78% reported use in their lifetime, with 53% reporting use in the last 6 months. In New York City (The Bronx) (n = 279), 86% reported use in their lifetime, with 44% reporting use in the last 6 months. Subjects reporting a history of use of at least 7 of 10 of the named sedatives were recruited for a more detailed interview. They reported that, among the benzodiazepines, diazepam, lorazepam, and alprazolam were frequently used for their 'high' producing effects, and for selling to produce income. In contrast, chlordiazepoxide, oxazepam, and phenobarbital, had much lower ratings of 'high' and were much less likely to be obtained for getting 'high' or for resale.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)257-266
Number of pages10
JournalDrug and alcohol dependence
Volume32
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1993

Keywords

  • alprazolam
  • barbiturates
  • benzodiazepines
  • diazepam
  • drug abuse
  • lorazepam
  • methadone maintenance
  • sedatives

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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