Beneficial effects of adding propranolol to multidose potassium cardioplegia.

K. R. Kanter, J. T. Flaherty, B. H. Bulkley, V. L. Gott, T. J. Gardner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The use of propranolol with multidose potassium cardioplegia was studied in 32 in situ canine hearts subjected to 90 minutes of global ischemia at 15 degrees C and 60 minutes of reperfusion at 37 degrees C. All hearts received potassium (37 mEq/l) every 30 minutes during ischemia. There were four groups of equal size: group 1 received no propranolol, group 2 received low-dose propranolol and group 3 received high-dose propranolol. Group 4 received high-dose propranolol only with the initial potassium infusion. Myocardial CO2 (PmCO2) was monitored by mass spectrometry as an indicator of metabolic activity. An intraventricular balloon was used to measure isovolumic developed pressure, maximal dP/dt and end-diastolic pressure (EDP) before and after ischemia. During ischemia, peak PmCO2 was significantly higher in group 1 (45.6 +/- 2.8 mm Hg) than in groups 2, 3 and 4 (35.2 +/- 2.8 mm Hg, 33.4 +/- 2.8 mm Hg and 30.4 +/0 2.8 mm Hg, respectively) (p less than 0.05). There were no differences between the four groups in systolic ventricular function assessed by developed pressure and dP/dt. Hearts that received high-dose propranolol had significantly lower EDP after 60 minutes of reperfusion (group 3 13.3 +/- 1.5 mm Hg, group 4 10.4 +/0 1.5 mm Hg) compared with group 1 hearts (25.3 +/- 3.8 mm Hg, p less than 0.05). Hearts in groups 3 and 4 exhibited less ischemic injury as assessed by electron microscopy than hearts in groups 1 and 2. These data show that propranolol added to multidose potassium cardioplegia reduced metabolic activity during ischemia and improved ventricular compliance during reperfusion without depressing systolic function. Because left ventricular compliance and morphologic preservation were similar in groups 3 and 4, it appears that a single high dose of propranolol is sufficient and that subsequent doses do not further enhance the beneficial effects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)II84-90
Issue number2 Pt 2
StatePublished - Aug 1981
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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