Beck Depression Inventory for depression screening in substance-abusing adolescents

Geetha Subramaniam, Paul Harrell, Edward Huntley, Melinda Tracy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Co-occurring major depressive disorder (MDD) in adolescents with substance use disorders (SUD) has been linked to poor treatment outcomes. Use of validated depression screens in adolescent SUD populations may improve the detection of depression. In this study, we evaluated the diagnostic efficiency of the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) in detecting MDD, as assessed by psychiatrists administering the Diagnostic Interview for Children and Adolescents, and its factor structure, internal consistency, and discriminant validity in a clinical sample of adolescents with SUD (n = 145). Results indicate that BDI scores of 12 and higher had the most optimal sensitivity (73%), whereas BDI scores of 17 and higher, the most optimal specificity (75%). Five factors accounted for approximately 56% of the variance. Overall, internal consistency was high, and the BDI adequately discriminated MDD from non-MDD cases. Results support the use of BDI as a screen for MDD with moderate to high psychometric properties in an adolescent SUD sample.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25-31
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Substance Abuse Treatment
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 2009


  • Adolescent substance abuse
  • Depression screening
  • Depressive symptoms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Phychiatric Mental Health
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)


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