Modulation of peripheral nerves is an emerging field for neuroprosthesis and bioelectronic medicine. With developing neural interfacing technology (NIT) that directly communicates with peripheral nerves, several powering schemes have been investigated for long-term use of implantable devices such as wireless and conversion of human body energy. Recently, a variety of promising energy harvesters have been demonstrated as alternatives to solve the power supply issue. Triboelectric nanogenerators (TENGs) show promising performance as a power source of a neuro-stimulator since the output of TENGs provides direction stimulation of a nerve. However, there is a lack of research on TENGs for peripheral nerve stimulation. This work introduces a novel water/air-hybrid triboelectric nanogenerator (WATENG) to overcome current drawbacks of liquid based TENGs as well as to achieve efficient nerve stimulation. Furthermore, this study involves comparative demonstration of the efficiency of nerve stimulation induced by exponential and square pulsed waveforms, to verify that TENGs can effectively stimulate nerves and are good candidates for neurostimulators. By combining this device with neural interfaces, selective and force-controlled modulation of leg muscles in rats can be achieved.
- Direct stimulation
- Neural interface
- Peripheral nerve
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Materials Science(all)
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering