Basic FGF regulates the expression of a functional 71 kDa NMDA receptor protein that mediates calcium influx and neurotoxicity in hippocampal neurons

Mark P. Mattson, Keshava N. Kumar, Hong Wang, Bin Cheng, Elias K. Michaelis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) was recently found to modulate the outgrowth-regulating effects of glutamate, and protected neurons from several brain regions against excitotoxic/ischemic damage. We provide evidence that the excitoprotective mechanism of bFGF involves suppression of the expression of a 71 kDa NMDA receptor protein (NMDARP-71). NMDARP-71 protein and mRNA levels were reduced in neurons in bFGF-treated hippocampal cell cultures. The levels of the NMDARP-71 were not reduced by NGF or epidermal growth factor, and bFGF did not reduce the level of mRNA for the GluR1 kainate/AMPA receptor, demonstrating the specificity of the effect of bFGF on the NMDARP-71. The reduction in NMDARP-71 expression in bFGF-treated neurons was correlated with reduced vulnerability to NMDA neurotoxicity. A major role for NMDARP-71 in calcium responses to NMDA and excitotoxicity was demonstrated using antisense oligonucleotides directed against NMDARP-71. Northern and Western blot analysis and immunocytochemistry showed that NMDARP-71 antisense oligonucleotides caused a selective suppression of NMDARP-71 mRNA and protein levels during 12-44 hr exposure periods. Elevations in intracellular calcium levels normally caused by glutamate and NMDA were attenuated in neurons exposed to NMDARP-71 antisense oligonucleotide; calcium responses to kainate were relatively unaffected. NMDARP-71 antisense oligonucleotides protected the neurons against excitotoxicity. Thus, NMDARP-71 is a necessary component of an NMDA receptor mediating calcium responses and neurotoxicity in hippocampal neurons. Taken together, these data identify a mechanism whereby bFGF can modify neuronal responses to glutamate, and suggest that regulating the expression of excitatory amino acid receptors may provide a means for growth factors to influence the plasticity and degeneration of neural circuits.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4575-4588
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume13
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Fibroblast Growth Factor 2
N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Receptors
Calcium
Antisense Oligonucleotides
Neurons
N-Methylaspartate
Proteins
Glutamic Acid
Messenger RNA
Kainic Acid Receptors
Neuronal Plasticity
AMPA Receptors
Kainic Acid
Glutamate Receptors
Nerve Growth Factor
Epidermal Growth Factor
Northern Blotting
Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
Cell Culture Techniques
Western Blotting

Keywords

  • Antisense oligonucleotide
  • Calcium
  • Excitotoxicity
  • Fura-2
  • Growth factors
  • mRNA
  • Neuronal death
  • NMDA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Basic FGF regulates the expression of a functional 71 kDa NMDA receptor protein that mediates calcium influx and neurotoxicity in hippocampal neurons. / Mattson, Mark P.; Kumar, Keshava N.; Wang, Hong; Cheng, Bin; Michaelis, Elias K.

In: Journal of Neuroscience, Vol. 13, No. 11, 1993, p. 4575-4588.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mattson, Mark P. ; Kumar, Keshava N. ; Wang, Hong ; Cheng, Bin ; Michaelis, Elias K. / Basic FGF regulates the expression of a functional 71 kDa NMDA receptor protein that mediates calcium influx and neurotoxicity in hippocampal neurons. In: Journal of Neuroscience. 1993 ; Vol. 13, No. 11. pp. 4575-4588.
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