Base Excision and DNA Binding Activities of Human Alkyladenine DNA Glycosylase Are Sensitive to the Base Paired with a Lesion

Clint W. Abner, Albert Y. Lau, Tom Ellenberger, Linda B. Bloom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The human alkyladenine DNA glycosylase has a broad substrate specificity, excising a structurally diverse group of damaged purines from DNA. To more clearly define the structural and mechanistic bases for substrate specificity of human alkyladenine DNA glycosylase, kinetics of excision and DNA binding activities were measured for several different damaged and undamaged purines within identical DNA sequence contexts. We found that 1,N 6-ethenoadenine (εA) and hypoxanthine (Hx) were excised relatively efficiently, whereas 7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine, O 6-methylguanine, adenine, and guanine were not. Single-turnover kinetics of excision of Hx and εA paired with T showed that excision of Hx was about four times faster than εA, whereas binding assays showed that the binding affinity was about five times greater for εA than for Hx. The opposing pyrimidine base had a significant effect on the kinetics of excision and DNA binding affinity of Hx but a small effect on those for εA. Surprisingly, replacing a T with a U opposite Hx dramatically reduced the excision rate by a factor of 15 and increased the affinity by a factor of 7-8. The binding affinity of human alkyladenine DNA glycosylase to a DNA product containing an abasic site was similar to that for an Hx lesion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13379-13387
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume276
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 20 2001
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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