Barriers to racial/ethnic minority application and competition for NIH research funding

Vickie L. Shavers, Pebbles Fagan, Deirdre Lawrence, Worta McCaskill-Stevens, Paige McDonald, Doris Browne, Dan McLinden, Michaele Christian, Edward Trimble

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Despite recognition of the need to increase the pool of racial/ethnic minority investigators, racial/ethnic minority representation among National Institutes of Health (NIH)-funded investigators remains low. Racial/ethnic minority investigators bring unique perspectives and experiences that enhance the potential for understanding factors that underlie racial/ethnic variation in health and health status. Identification of barriers to successful minority competition for NIH funding and suggestions for strategies to overcome them were obtained from a concept mapping project and a meeting of minority investigators and investigators at minority-serving institutions. Methods: Concept mapping, a mixed-methods planning approach that integrates common data collection processes with multivariate statistical analyses, was used in this exploratory project. The concept mapping approach generated a series of related "concept maps" that were used for data interpretation and meeting discussions. Results: Barriers to minority investigator competition for NIH funding identified by concept mapping participants include: 1) inadequate research infrastructure, training and development; 2) barriers to development as independent researchers; 3) inadequate mentoring; 4) insensitivity, misperceptions and miscommunication about the specific needs of investigators involved in research with minority communities; 5) institutional bias in NIH policies; 6) unfair competitive environment; 7) lack of institutional support; 8) lack of support for research topics/methods relevant to research with minority communities; and 9) social, cultural and environmental barriers. Discussion: Data from both the concept mapping and the meeting discussions suggest the need to use a multilevel approach to increase minority representation among funded NIH investigators. Specifically, the NIH should use strategies that overcome barriers at the home institution, within NIH and at the investigator level.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1063-1077
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of the National Medical Association
Volume97
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2005
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

National Institutes of Health (U.S.)
Research Personnel
Research
Health Policy
Health Status
Multivariate Analysis
Health

Keywords

  • Ethnicity
  • Minority underrepresentation
  • Race
  • Research funding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Shavers, V. L., Fagan, P., Lawrence, D., McCaskill-Stevens, W., McDonald, P., Browne, D., ... Trimble, E. (2005). Barriers to racial/ethnic minority application and competition for NIH research funding. Journal of the National Medical Association, 97(8), 1063-1077.

Barriers to racial/ethnic minority application and competition for NIH research funding. / Shavers, Vickie L.; Fagan, Pebbles; Lawrence, Deirdre; McCaskill-Stevens, Worta; McDonald, Paige; Browne, Doris; McLinden, Dan; Christian, Michaele; Trimble, Edward.

In: Journal of the National Medical Association, Vol. 97, No. 8, 08.2005, p. 1063-1077.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Shavers, VL, Fagan, P, Lawrence, D, McCaskill-Stevens, W, McDonald, P, Browne, D, McLinden, D, Christian, M & Trimble, E 2005, 'Barriers to racial/ethnic minority application and competition for NIH research funding', Journal of the National Medical Association, vol. 97, no. 8, pp. 1063-1077.
Shavers VL, Fagan P, Lawrence D, McCaskill-Stevens W, McDonald P, Browne D et al. Barriers to racial/ethnic minority application and competition for NIH research funding. Journal of the National Medical Association. 2005 Aug;97(8):1063-1077.
Shavers, Vickie L. ; Fagan, Pebbles ; Lawrence, Deirdre ; McCaskill-Stevens, Worta ; McDonald, Paige ; Browne, Doris ; McLinden, Dan ; Christian, Michaele ; Trimble, Edward. / Barriers to racial/ethnic minority application and competition for NIH research funding. In: Journal of the National Medical Association. 2005 ; Vol. 97, No. 8. pp. 1063-1077.
@article{b69bcff47d8d480ab17c3b2bbcb6003a,
title = "Barriers to racial/ethnic minority application and competition for NIH research funding",
abstract = "Background: Despite recognition of the need to increase the pool of racial/ethnic minority investigators, racial/ethnic minority representation among National Institutes of Health (NIH)-funded investigators remains low. Racial/ethnic minority investigators bring unique perspectives and experiences that enhance the potential for understanding factors that underlie racial/ethnic variation in health and health status. Identification of barriers to successful minority competition for NIH funding and suggestions for strategies to overcome them were obtained from a concept mapping project and a meeting of minority investigators and investigators at minority-serving institutions. Methods: Concept mapping, a mixed-methods planning approach that integrates common data collection processes with multivariate statistical analyses, was used in this exploratory project. The concept mapping approach generated a series of related {"}concept maps{"} that were used for data interpretation and meeting discussions. Results: Barriers to minority investigator competition for NIH funding identified by concept mapping participants include: 1) inadequate research infrastructure, training and development; 2) barriers to development as independent researchers; 3) inadequate mentoring; 4) insensitivity, misperceptions and miscommunication about the specific needs of investigators involved in research with minority communities; 5) institutional bias in NIH policies; 6) unfair competitive environment; 7) lack of institutional support; 8) lack of support for research topics/methods relevant to research with minority communities; and 9) social, cultural and environmental barriers. Discussion: Data from both the concept mapping and the meeting discussions suggest the need to use a multilevel approach to increase minority representation among funded NIH investigators. Specifically, the NIH should use strategies that overcome barriers at the home institution, within NIH and at the investigator level.",
keywords = "Ethnicity, Minority underrepresentation, Race, Research funding",
author = "Shavers, {Vickie L.} and Pebbles Fagan and Deirdre Lawrence and Worta McCaskill-Stevens and Paige McDonald and Doris Browne and Dan McLinden and Michaele Christian and Edward Trimble",
year = "2005",
month = "8",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "97",
pages = "1063--1077",
journal = "Journal of the National Medical Association",
issn = "0027-9684",
publisher = "National Medical Association",
number = "8",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Barriers to racial/ethnic minority application and competition for NIH research funding

AU - Shavers, Vickie L.

AU - Fagan, Pebbles

AU - Lawrence, Deirdre

AU - McCaskill-Stevens, Worta

AU - McDonald, Paige

AU - Browne, Doris

AU - McLinden, Dan

AU - Christian, Michaele

AU - Trimble, Edward

PY - 2005/8

Y1 - 2005/8

N2 - Background: Despite recognition of the need to increase the pool of racial/ethnic minority investigators, racial/ethnic minority representation among National Institutes of Health (NIH)-funded investigators remains low. Racial/ethnic minority investigators bring unique perspectives and experiences that enhance the potential for understanding factors that underlie racial/ethnic variation in health and health status. Identification of barriers to successful minority competition for NIH funding and suggestions for strategies to overcome them were obtained from a concept mapping project and a meeting of minority investigators and investigators at minority-serving institutions. Methods: Concept mapping, a mixed-methods planning approach that integrates common data collection processes with multivariate statistical analyses, was used in this exploratory project. The concept mapping approach generated a series of related "concept maps" that were used for data interpretation and meeting discussions. Results: Barriers to minority investigator competition for NIH funding identified by concept mapping participants include: 1) inadequate research infrastructure, training and development; 2) barriers to development as independent researchers; 3) inadequate mentoring; 4) insensitivity, misperceptions and miscommunication about the specific needs of investigators involved in research with minority communities; 5) institutional bias in NIH policies; 6) unfair competitive environment; 7) lack of institutional support; 8) lack of support for research topics/methods relevant to research with minority communities; and 9) social, cultural and environmental barriers. Discussion: Data from both the concept mapping and the meeting discussions suggest the need to use a multilevel approach to increase minority representation among funded NIH investigators. Specifically, the NIH should use strategies that overcome barriers at the home institution, within NIH and at the investigator level.

AB - Background: Despite recognition of the need to increase the pool of racial/ethnic minority investigators, racial/ethnic minority representation among National Institutes of Health (NIH)-funded investigators remains low. Racial/ethnic minority investigators bring unique perspectives and experiences that enhance the potential for understanding factors that underlie racial/ethnic variation in health and health status. Identification of barriers to successful minority competition for NIH funding and suggestions for strategies to overcome them were obtained from a concept mapping project and a meeting of minority investigators and investigators at minority-serving institutions. Methods: Concept mapping, a mixed-methods planning approach that integrates common data collection processes with multivariate statistical analyses, was used in this exploratory project. The concept mapping approach generated a series of related "concept maps" that were used for data interpretation and meeting discussions. Results: Barriers to minority investigator competition for NIH funding identified by concept mapping participants include: 1) inadequate research infrastructure, training and development; 2) barriers to development as independent researchers; 3) inadequate mentoring; 4) insensitivity, misperceptions and miscommunication about the specific needs of investigators involved in research with minority communities; 5) institutional bias in NIH policies; 6) unfair competitive environment; 7) lack of institutional support; 8) lack of support for research topics/methods relevant to research with minority communities; and 9) social, cultural and environmental barriers. Discussion: Data from both the concept mapping and the meeting discussions suggest the need to use a multilevel approach to increase minority representation among funded NIH investigators. Specifically, the NIH should use strategies that overcome barriers at the home institution, within NIH and at the investigator level.

KW - Ethnicity

KW - Minority underrepresentation

KW - Race

KW - Research funding

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=23244461747&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=23244461747&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 16173321

AN - SCOPUS:23244461747

VL - 97

SP - 1063

EP - 1077

JO - Journal of the National Medical Association

JF - Journal of the National Medical Association

SN - 0027-9684

IS - 8

ER -