Barriers to non-small cell lung cancer trial eligibility

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction Cancer clinical trial (CCT) enrollment is low potentially threatening the generalizability of trial results and expedited regulatory approvals. We assessed whether type of initial patient appointment for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is associated with CCT eligibility. Methods Using a patient-to-accrual framework, we conducted a quasi-retrospective cohort pilot study at Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center (SKCCC), Baltimore, Maryland. 153 NSCLC patients new to SKCCC were categorized based on type of initial appointment: patients diagnosed or treated and patients seen for a consultation. CCT eligibility was determined by comparing eligibility criteria for each open trial to the electronic medical record (EMR) of each patient at every office visit occurring within 6-months of initial visit. Results We found no association between type of initial appointment and CCT eligibility (OR, 1.15; 95% CI, 0.49–2.73). Analyses did suggest current smokers were less likely to be eligible for trials compared to never smokers (OR, 0.15; 95% CI, 0.03–0.64), and stage 4 patients with second line therapy or greater were more likely to be eligible than stage 1 or 2 patients (OR, 5.18; 95% CI, 1.08–24.75). Additional analyses suggested most current smokers and stage 1 or 2 patients had trials available but were still ineligible. Conclusions SKCCC has a diverse portfolio of trials available for NSCLC patients and should consider research strategies to re-examine eligibility criteria for future trials to ensure increased enrollment of current smokers and stage 1 or 2 patients. We could not confirm whether type of initial visit was related to eligibility.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)45-49
Number of pages5
JournalContemporary Clinical Trials Communications
Volume9
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2018

Keywords

  • Barriers
  • Eligibility
  • Lung cancer
  • Trials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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