Introduction Cancer clinical trial (CCT) enrollment is low potentially threatening the generalizability of trial results and expedited regulatory approvals. We assessed whether type of initial patient appointment for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is associated with CCT eligibility. Methods Using a patient-to-accrual framework, we conducted a quasi-retrospective cohort pilot study at Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center (SKCCC), Baltimore, Maryland. 153 NSCLC patients new to SKCCC were categorized based on type of initial appointment: patients diagnosed or treated and patients seen for a consultation. CCT eligibility was determined by comparing eligibility criteria for each open trial to the electronic medical record (EMR) of each patient at every office visit occurring within 6-months of initial visit. Results We found no association between type of initial appointment and CCT eligibility (OR, 1.15; 95% CI, 0.49–2.73). Analyses did suggest current smokers were less likely to be eligible for trials compared to never smokers (OR, 0.15; 95% CI, 0.03–0.64), and stage 4 patients with second line therapy or greater were more likely to be eligible than stage 1 or 2 patients (OR, 5.18; 95% CI, 1.08–24.75). Additional analyses suggested most current smokers and stage 1 or 2 patients had trials available but were still ineligible. Conclusions SKCCC has a diverse portfolio of trials available for NSCLC patients and should consider research strategies to re-examine eligibility criteria for future trials to ensure increased enrollment of current smokers and stage 1 or 2 patients. We could not confirm whether type of initial visit was related to eligibility.
- Lung cancer
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