Barrier to autointegration factor blocks premature cell fusion and maintains adult muscle integrity in C. elegans

Ayelet Margalit, Esther Neufeld, Naomi Feinstein, Katherine L. Wilson, Benjamin Podbilewicz, Yosef Gruenbaum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Barrier to autointegration factor (BAF) binds double-stranded DNA, selected histones, transcription regulators, lamins, and LAP2-emerin-MAN1 (LEM) domain proteins. During early Caenorhabditis elegans embryogenesis, BAF-1 is required to organize chromatin, capture segregated chromosomes within the nascent nuclear envelope, and assemble lamin and LEM domain proteins in reforming nuclei. In this study, we used C. elegans with a homozygous deletion of the baf-1 gene, which survives embryogenesis and larval stages, to report that BAF-1 regulates maturation and survival of the germline, cell migration, vulva formation, and the timing of seam cell fusion. In the seam cells, BAF-1 represses the expression of the EFF-1 fusogen protein, but fusion still occurs in C. elegans lacking both baf-1 and eff-1. This suggests the existence of an eff-1-independent mechanism for cell fusion. BAF-1 is also required to maintain the integrity of specific body wall muscles in adult animals, directly implicating BAF in the mechanism of human muscular dystrophies (laminopathies) caused by mutations in the BAF-binding proteins emerin and lamin A.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)661-673
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Cell Biology
Volume178
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 13 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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