Bariatric surgery is associated with improvement in kidney outcomes

Alex R. Chang, Yuan Chen, Christopher Still, G. Craig Wood, H. Lester Kirchner, Meredith Lewis, Holly Kramer, James E. Hartle, David Carey, Lawrence J. Appel, Morgan E. Grams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Severe obesity is associated with increased risk of kidney disease. Whether bariatric surgery reduces the risk of adverse kidney outcomes is uncertain. To resolve this we compared the risk of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) decline of ≥30% and doubling of serum creatinine or end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in 985 patients who underwent bariatric surgery with 985 patients who did not undergo such surgery. Patients were matched on demographics, baseline body mass index, eGFR, comorbidities, and previous nutrition clinic use. Mean age was 45 years, 97% were white, 80% were female, and 33% had baseline eGFR <90 ml/min per 1.73 m2. Mean 1-year weight loss was 40.4 kg in the surgery group compared with 1.4 kg in the matched cohort. Over a median follow-up of 4.4 years, 85 surgery patients had an eGFR decline of ≥30% (22 had doubling of serum creatinine/ESRD). Over a median follow-up of 3.8 years, 177 patients in the matched cohort had an eGFR decline of ≥30% (50 had doubling of serum creatinine/ESRD). In adjusted analysis, bariatric surgery patients had a significant 58% lower risk for an eGFR decline of ≥30% (hazard ratio 0.42, 95% confidence interval 0.32–0.55) and 57% lower risk of doubling of serum creatinine or ESRD (hazard ratio 0.43, 95% confidence interval: 0.26–0.71) compared with the matched cohort. Results were generally consistent among subgroups of patients with and without eGFR <90 ml/min per 1.73 m2, hypertension, and diabetes. Thus, bariatric surgery may be an option to prevent kidney function decline in severely obese individuals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)164-171
Number of pages8
JournalKidney international
Volume90
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2016

Keywords

  • GFR
  • Roux-en-Y surgery
  • bariatric surgery
  • gastric bypass
  • glomerular filtration rate
  • kidney function
  • morbid obesity
  • weight loss

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

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