Bangladesh policy on prevention and control of non-communicable diseases: A policy analysis

Tuhin Biswas, Sonia Pervin, Md Imtiaz Alam Tanim, Louis Niessen, Anwar Islam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: This paper is aimed at critically assessing the extent to which Non-Communicable Disease NCD-related policies introduced in Bangladesh align with the World Health Organization's (WHO) 2013-2020 Action Plan for the Global Strategy for the Prevention and Control of NCDs. Methods: The authors reviewed all relevant policy documents introduced by the Government of Bangladesh since its independence in 1971. The literature review targeted scientific and grey literature documents involving internet-based search, and expert consultation and snowballing to identify relevant policy documents. Information was extracted from the documents using a specific matrix, mapping each document against the six objectives of the WHO 2013-2020 Action Plan for the Global Strategy for the Prevention and Control of NCDs. Results: A total of 51 documents were identified. Seven (14%) were research and/or surveys, nine were on established policies (17%), while seventeen (33%) were on action programmes. Five (10%) were related to guidelines and thirteen (25%) were strategic planning documents from government and non-government agencies/institutes. The study covered documents produced by the Government of Bangladesh as well as those by quasi-government and non-government organizations irrespective of the extent to which the intended policies were implemented. Conclusions: The policy analysis findings suggest that although the government has initiated many NCD-related policies or programs, they lacked proper planning, implementation and monitoring. Consequently, Bangladesh over the years had little success in effectively addressing the growing burden of non-communicable diseases. It is imperative that future research critically assess the effectiveness of national NCD policies by monitoring their implementation and level of population coverage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number582
JournalBMC Public Health
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 19 2017

Fingerprint

Communicable Disease Control
Bangladesh
Policy Making
Literature
Internet
Referral and Consultation
Organizations
Guidelines
Research

Keywords

  • Bangladesh
  • Health planning
  • Health policy
  • No communicable disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Bangladesh policy on prevention and control of non-communicable diseases : A policy analysis. / Biswas, Tuhin; Pervin, Sonia; Tanim, Md Imtiaz Alam; Niessen, Louis; Islam, Anwar.

In: BMC Public Health, Vol. 17, No. 1, 582, 19.06.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Biswas, Tuhin ; Pervin, Sonia ; Tanim, Md Imtiaz Alam ; Niessen, Louis ; Islam, Anwar. / Bangladesh policy on prevention and control of non-communicable diseases : A policy analysis. In: BMC Public Health. 2017 ; Vol. 17, No. 1.
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