Baby brain atlases

Kenichi Oishi, Linda Chang, Hao Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

The baby brain is constantly changing due to its active neurodevelopment, and research into the baby brain is one of the frontiers in neuroscience. To help guide neuroscientists and clinicians in their investigation of this frontier, maps of the baby brain, which contain a priori knowledge about neurodevelopment and anatomy, are essential. “Brain atlas” in this review refers to a 3D-brain image with a set of reference labels, such as a parcellation map, as the anatomical reference that guides the mapping of the brain. Recent advancements in scanners, sequences, and motion control methodologies enable the creation of various types of high-resolution baby brain atlases. What is becoming clear is that one atlas is not sufficient to characterize the existing knowledge about the anatomical variations, disease-related anatomical alterations, and the variations in time-dependent changes. In this review, the types and roles of the human baby brain MRI atlases that are currently available are described and discussed, and future directions in the field of developmental neuroscience and its clinical applications are proposed. The potential use of disease-based atlases to characterize clinically relevant information, such as clinical labels, in addition to conventional anatomical labels, is also discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)865-880
Number of pages16
JournalNeuroImage
Volume185
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 15 2019

Keywords

  • Brain atlas
  • Early development
  • Infant
  • Neonate
  • Prenatal exposure
  • Preterm birth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience

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