B7-H1, a third member of the B7 family, co-stimulates T-cell proliferation and interleukin-10 secretion

Haidong Dong, Gefeng Zhu, Koji Tamada, Lieping Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The B7 family members B7-1 and B7-2 interact with CD28 and constitute an essential T-cell co-stimulatory pathway in the initiation of antigen-specific humoral and cell-mediated immune response. Here, we describe a third member of the B7 family, called B7-H1 that does not bind CD28, cytotoxic T- lymphocyte A4 or ICOS (inducible co-stimulator). Ligation of B7-H1 co- stimulated T-cell responses to polyclonal stimuli and allogeneic antigens, and preferentially stimulated the production of interleukin-10. Interleukin- 2, although produced in small amounts, was required for the effect of B7-H1 co-stimulation. Our studies thus define a previously unknown co-stimulatory molecule that may be involved in the negative regulation of cell-mediated immune responses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1365-1369
Number of pages5
JournalNature Medicine
Volume5
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1999
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine(all)

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